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徽州建筑的各个角落多融入雕刻技

来源:http://www.ahanyun.com/news/420.html 发布日期:2021-11-26

庭院结构。在中国古代儒学的影响下,世人多重视天圆地方的概念,这是由他们认识事物有限性决定的。方形四周被高墙围住,不担心会有隐患,而且这象征着一种不可突破的规范,在这样的徽式庭院中,培养着一代又一代有思想的商人。
Courtyard structure. Under the influence of ancient Chinese Confucianism, people pay more attention to the concept of round sky and place, which is determined by their understanding of the finiteness of things. The square is surrounded by high walls. I don't worry about hidden dangers. Moreover, it symbolizes an unbreakable norm. In such an emblem courtyard, generations of thoughtful businessmen are cultivated.
马头墙。在徽派建筑里,随处都能见到马头墙,马头墙又称为风火墙,从外型上看,非常像马头,所以世人多称其为马头墙。马头墙多分为三道,中间用墙面隔开,呈左右对称,其上面覆盖的青瓦,呈一条弧线向上延伸,马头墙不光能起到装饰作用,而且也能阻隔隔壁火源进入。

Ma Tau wallwatts. Horse head wall can be seen everywhere in Hui style buildings. Horse head wall is also called wind and fire wall. From the appearance, it is very similar to horse head, so people call it horse head wall. The horse head wall is mostly divided into three, separated by the wall in the middle, which is symmetrical left and right. The green tiles covered on it extend upward in an arc. The horse head wall can not only play a decorative role, but also block the entry of the fire source next door.

雕刻工艺。徽州建筑的各个角落多融入雕刻技艺,无论在哪种材质上,材质的面积为多大,徽州工人都能在表面雕刻出精美又细腻的图案。庭院中多花草,图案与花草相互点缀,建筑与自然完全融为一体。
Carving process. Carving skills are integrated into every corner of Huizhou buildings. No matter what kind of material and how large the material area is, Huizhou workers can carve exquisite and delicate patterns on the surface. There are many flowers and plants in the courtyard. The patterns and flowers are interspersed with each other, and the architecture is completely integrated with nature.
镂空窗户。四周高墙已经带给人规范之感,所以徽州人多在家庭内部需求突破,比如镂空窗户。窗户上雕刻的图案不一,有喜鹊、花朵等,图案不尽相同,但是这些图案都象征着美好的寓意,同时,镂空窗户也有利于整个居室的空气流通。
Hollowed out windows. The surrounding high walls have brought people a sense of standardization, so Huizhou people often break through their internal needs, such as hollow windows. The patterns carved on the windows are different, including magpies, flowers, etc., but these patterns all symbolize a beautiful meaning. At the same time, hollowed out windows are also conducive to the air circulation of the whole room.
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